Sandra Lovering, DHSc, BSN, CTN-A, FAAN

Executive Nursing and Healthcare Consultant; Nurse Theorist Crescent of Care Nursing Model

Lovering Consults (2020 – present)
King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center (Gen Org) Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (2004 – 2020)

Phone: 64 27 257 9626

Expertise Areas:

Dr Lovering’s expertise is in the application of transcultural nursing from a nursing administrative and practice perspective within diverse international practice settings. Dr Lovering has applied transcultural nursing expertise in her international nursing career as executive nurse leader, researcher, educator and clinical practitioner in Canada, USA, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia. She was a Chief Nurse Officer in teaching hospitals in Saudi Arabia from 1993-2020. As CNO, she led first hospital in Saudi Arabia and the GCC to achieve the ANCC Magnet Hospital Designation in 2013 and Re-Designation in 2018. Dr Lovering is the researcher and theorist for the Crescent of Care nursing model, a culture specific nursing model to guide the care of Arab Muslim patients. The Crescent of Care model has been implemented throughout hospitals in the Middle East.

Dr Lovering is a Certified Transcultural Nurse – Advanced, and a Transcultural Nursing Scholar since 2018. Dr Lovering was inducted as a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN) and received the Princess Muna Al Hussein Award from the American Nurse Credentialing Center in 2015 in recognition of her leadership in international nursing.

Languages spoken, read/write*:


Select Publications:

Peer reviewed journals:

Lovering, S. (2006). Cultural attitudes and beliefs about pain. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 17(4), 389-395.

Lovering, S. (2012). The Crescent of Care: A nursing model to guide the care of Arab Muslim patients. Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, 9(171-178).

Lovering, S. (2012). How universal are the caring models used by nurses? Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, 9(167-170).

George, V., & Lovering, S. (2013). Transforming the context through shared leadership and partnership: An international CNO perspective. Nursing Administration Quarterly 37(1), 52-59.

Omer, T., Lovering, S., & Shomrani, M. Al. (2014). The lived experience of living with hiv/aids in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, 11, 215-223.

Book chapters:

Lovering, S. (2018) Case Study: An 85-year old Saudi Muslim Woman with Multiple Health Problems. In Marilyn “Marty” Douglas, Dula Pacquiao & Larry Purnell (Eds.), Global Applications of Culturally Competent Health Care: Guidelines for Practice (pp. 149-159). Springer International Publishing.

Present/Future Directions

Transcultural nursing practice needs to be applied across the spectrum of nursing leadership and practice settings globally. In addition to addressing the cultural care needs of diverse populations, evidence based transcultural practice needs to be embedded in organizational nursing practice models, strategic and operational management, and nurse credentialling and competency programs.

Updated 02/2021